It is an autoimmune skin disease in which the immune system of the organism attacks the pigmented cells of the skin, the melanocytes, causing the appearance of light or white spots. It is present in 1% of the general population and may occur in any moment of lifetime, being related or not to physic of psychologic trauma.
It varies according to the extension and activity of the disease. It is based in products for topic use, such as corticoid creams, immunomodulators, psoralens, surgery, phototherapy (light bath), camouflaging (corrective makeup or tattooing), depigmentation with substances that bleaches the healthy skin areas, (indicated when the compromised body area is greater than 50%).
Phototherapy, in the clinic, is made with modern narrow band UVB lamps, with great results for vitiligo and many others types of white spots, secondary to other dermatoses. Narrow band UVB phototherapy can be performed in adults and children, with safety, because it does not require the use of oral medications.