Melasma is a skin pigmentation disturb that causes unwanted spots, mainly over the face. Its appearance is related to hormonal factors (pregnancy, contraceptives use), genetic factors and light exposure. It occurs mainly in women, but also in men. It is a chronic process, but it can be controlled.
Prevention and treatment
Melasma prevention is made with daily use of sunscreens, always when there will be exposure of the skin to sunlight or others kinds of lights, taking preference to the tinted ones with foundation color.
The treatment is made with the use of bleaching substances, superficial skin peelings, which besides fastening the clarifying process, renew the skin by the collagen stimulus, improving skin texture, wrinkles and other spots. Lasers and pulsed light leads to the clarifying of the spots even more quickly.